Chapter-9 Treaty (Obligations)
A. It is necessary to fulfil obligations: (5:1)
"O you who believe! Fulfil obligations."
The word includes personal contracts as well as treaties. (17:34)
"Fulfil (every) obligation, for every obligation will be
enquired into". It means the breaking of an obligation is accountable.
B. The fulfillment of obligations is the sign characteristic of believers:
"Those who faithfully observe their trusts and their
covenants." Also (70:32); (3:75); (3:177), (70:32)
C. The Quran presents a comprehensive guidance when says: (61:2-3)
"O you who believe! Why do you say which you do not.
Grievously odious it is in the sight of Allah that you say that which you do not
do. A man's act must coincide with he says."
D. To fulfil your covenant with Allah is also a necessity. (16:91); (6:152)
"And fulfil the covenant of Allah."
Covenant with Allah also includes those responsibilities which man takes upon
himself with his belief in Allah.
In those who break their obligations with the Islamic state, it is said: (13:25)
"Those who break the covenant with Allah after ratifying
it and cut asunder the human relationship which Allah has commanded should be
joined, and make mischief on earth; for them is the curse; theirs is the
At yet another place it is called "selling of obligations": (16:95) also (3:76),
"Nor sell the covenant of Allah for a miserable price for
the sake of worldly gains". In our opinion it also includes the conspiracies
against an Islamic state, which the intriguers bring about in league with the
"It is a reality
that Allah purchases of the believers their persons and their wealth, and gives
them a heavenly life is return". Note that it is not a matter of belief alone;
it is meant to be brought into practice. Its practical shape is that it is a
contract between an Islamic state and the believers, in the name of Allah. (This
is not the place for its explanation. For contacts with other states, see under
the leading "STATE
The biggest and the basic covenant between man and Allah which makes the man a
'believer' is, that the sells his life and property to Allah: (9:111)