ISLAM - FIRST CENTURY

Islam, the complete code of life ordained by the Sustainer of the Universe, emerged as a Socio-economic and Political power in the Seventh Century. This unpredictable and sweeping emergence was a result of the Muslims disciplining their lives in accordance with the injunctions of the Holy Quran, and left an everlasting influence on the humanity.

The exalted person upon whom this code of life was revealed - Muhammad (peace be upon him) - was born in Makkah on the twentieth of April 571 A.D., and breathed his last in Madina in 632 A.D. During this period the major empires neighbouring Arabia were the Persian Sasanids and the Bazantines, who were locked in a constant warfare. Arabia, whose only previous contribution had been to send successive waves of Semitic nomads to invade the fertile crescent, was held by clans. These included Christian, Jewish, and most Arabian tribes, including Muhammad’s (peace be upon him) - The Quraish. Allah’s final message to mankind revealed to Muhammad (peace be upon him), now contained in the Holy Quran, attracted a few truth-loving people but infuriated Quraish, who then controlled the First house of Allah.

In 622 A.D., Makkah being no more amenable to his message, Muhammad (peace be upon him) undertook Hijra to Madina, and this feat of Rasool-Allah marks the start of Muslim era. In Madina, a large number of people embraced Islam. Muhammad (peace be upon him) stayed in Madina for eight years, during which period he had to fight the most important battles of his life. These battles were fought against the invading Quraish at Badar, Uhud, and Madina itself. Makkah was finally subdued in 630 A.D., after which the tribes throughout Arabia also submitted to Islam. His successor Khalifa (caliph) Abu-Bakr consolidated this conquest. Later on, the Sasanids were overthrown and the Bazantines expelled from Syria, Egypt, and North Africa. After these conquests, the Muslims penetrated to the Atlantic, the Caucasus, the Oxus, and the Indus without meeting effective opposition. The people of these areas were not forced to accept Islam but adopted it gradually. Today, the influence of Islam can be felt through almost every nook and corner of the globe.