Your opponents, time and again ask for the
manifestation of what you warn them of. Tell
them that it is sure to come. They believe
that those whom they have set up as peers to
Allah will protect them. This is a
false belief. Allah is far above
anyone standing in His way (29/54).
According to His law of Mashiyyat,
Allah sends revelation to whoever He
chooses through the Malaika so that
he may tell others that there is no
authority in the universe except Allah
Whose laws should be adhered to.
(3) Mind it that
the universe which Allah has created
is not an illusion. It exists in reality and
has been created for a purpose. Allah
is far above those who are set up as peers
He has created man from a mere sperm and yet
he stands before Him as a disputant.
And Allah has created cattle to
provide you with warm garments and for
others beneficial purposes and some of them,
you also eat.
Apart from the utilisation aspect, there is
also the aesthetic aspect. What a beautiful
perspective they present when you take them
out in the morning to pasture and fetch them
home in the evening after they have grazed!
Could this be the result of a scheme devised
for destructive purposes?
These very cattle carry your heavy loads to
distant towns which you cannot reach
otherwise except with much discomfort. This
shows how considerate and Raheem your
Rabb is. He has also provided you
with horses, mules and asses, for you to
ride and for adornment, and Allah has
created many other things of which you have
no knowledge as yet.
There is another important point to note.
There are various ways of life open to these
animals but each follows instinctively the
way designed for it. If Allah had
willed, O humankind, you could have also
been made that way, compelled to follow a
particular way. But He has made a
distinction between animals and human
beings; the latter have been endowed with
the capacity to choose their own way of
Reverting to natural phenomena, Allah
sends down water from above which you drink
and by it grow the herbage on which you
graze your cattle.
It also causes crops and olives, date-palms,
grapes and all kinds of fruit to grow for
you. In this system there is message for
those who reflect.
And He has marshalled to your service the
night and the day, the sun and the moon, and
the stars have also been made subservient by
His command. They all function according to
His laws. In these also there are signs for
those who use their reason.
(13) And He has
created for you in the earth varied kinds of
things. In this also there is a sign for
those who can appreciate Allah’s
Allah has also subjected to you the
sea so that, out of it, you may have fresh
food and also what you use as your
ornaments. You see how the ships plow
through the sea carrying you forward in
quest of His bounties so that your efforts
Allah has formed the earth in such a
way that you may sit on it firmly while it
revolves. He has also created mountains and
rivers and land tracks so that you may reach
your destination (21/31, 31/10).
And He has created (various other) landmarks
- also the stars to serve as sign-posts as
guidance during your journey (during the
Can One who creates and one who cannot, be
placed on the same footing? Can you not
reflect o this?
There are only a few of Allah’s
creations which have been mentioned. If you
care to count all of them you can never do
so. Allah is the Protector, the
Sustainer. He knows all that you hide as
well as what you disclose.
Those whom people set up as peers to
Allah cannot create anything: rather
they are, themselves, creations, They are
dead - absolutely lifeless. They do not even
know as to when they will be raised.
(22) All power
and authority belongs to Allah alone.
Those who do not believe in the hereafter,
their hearts are full of false pride and
they are too arrogant (to admit the truth).
They will not accept it readily but Allah
knows what they hide and what they disclose.
He does not like those who are given to
When they are asked to ponder over what
Allah has revealed, they say: “It is
nothing but the fables of the people gone
They not only go astray themselves but also
induce others to follow the wrong path.
Therefore, on the Day of Reckoning, they
will bear, not only the full weight of their
own burden, but also part of the burden of
those ignorant ones whom they misled. How
unbearable will be the burden they will have
to bear! (29/13).
O Rasool, it is not your opponents
alone who devise such stratagems. Those who
lived before them devised similarly.
Allah’s law of Mukaf’at
shook their schemes from their foundation
and the roof came down upon them. This
chastisement came upon them so suddenly that
they could hardly realise whence it came.
And on the Day of Reckoning they will be
humiliated and asked: “Where are they whom
you had set up as peers to Allah and
for whose sake you used to oppose the
Those endowed with true
knowledge will say: “Distress and disgrace
is today for the unbelievers” (6/22).
When Malaika cause death to those who
wronged their own selves, they will offer
submission and say: “We never did wrong.”
Allah knows well what they did. They
will be asked to enter Jahannam which
is a horrid abode for the arrogant.
unbelievers ask those who believe: “what is
it that your Rabb has sent down to
you?” They will reply: “That which is all
good - those who do good will lead a very
happy and prosperous life in this world and
a still better one in the hereafter. How
blessed will be the final abode of the
Muttaqeen - ever green gardens
underneath which flow streams, wherein they
will find all that they desire. This is how
Allah will requite Muttaqeen.
Even at a time when death overcomes these
people and they are in a state of purity to
them, the Malaika will say: “Glad
tidings of peace and blessings are with you.
Enter Jannat for what you did”
Those who do not believe despite clear
evidence, what is it that they are waiting
for?. They are perhaps waiting for the
Malaika to come to them or for the
decree of your Rabb to take effect.
This is how the people before them had acted
and the inevitable overtook them. Certainly
Allah was not unjust to them; in fact
they were unjust to themselves. Their
wrong-deeds recoiled upon them and what they
had scoffed at engulfed them.
Mushrikeen say that if it had not been
Allah’s will neither they nor their
ancestors would have set up peers to
Allah or declared anything to be Har’am
other than by His command. So used to say
those who went before them (6/149, 36/47,
43/20). Our Rusul would not compel
them to take the right path. Their
responsibility was only to convey Our
message clearly to them and this they did.
(This was also the excuse offered by
To every people We have sent a Rasool
enjoining: “Obey only Allah’s Laws
and keep away from everything ungodly.” Some
of them took the right path and others
(denied the truth) and thus inevitably went
astray. So go about the land and see for
yourself what was the end of those who
discredited the truth (18/29).
(37) O Rasool,
We know that you ardently desire that these
people should take the right path (18/6,
28/56). Those who deliberately go astray
cannot be compelled to follow the right
path. They shall have to face the
consequences of their actions and no one
will be able to help them.
These people do not believe in the law of
Mukaf’at and therefore swear
vehemently that there will be no life after
death. But they do not know that this is
Allah’s promise which He will certainly
fulfil in order that what they have differed
in should be made clear and that the
unbelievers should know that they had lied.
The unbelievers wonder how Allah will
cause the dead to rise. (They do not know
Allah’s powers.) When We desire to
create something, We only have to say “be”
and thereafter the process of its initiation
takes place simultaneously and it does take
place (2/117, 3/47, 19/35, 36/82).
Those who leave their homes due to
persecution, Allah will surely
provide them with a better place in this
world and a greater reward in the hereafter
if only they could realise this. They are
the people who faced their trials
steadfastly and had full trust in their
Time and again, the unbelievers ask why a
human being has been sent as a Rasool.
Tell them, O Rasool that the Rusul
sent before you were all human beings and
endowed with revelation. If your opponents
do not know this let them ask for
corroboration from the Ahl-ul-Kit’ab
(44)We had sent
those Rusul with clear arguments and
scriptures. In the same way We have given
you O Rasool a book - Quran,
which you may explain to them clearly what
has been sent for them - so that they may
Do those who lay down evil plans, feel
assured that Allah will not abase
them in the earth or that chastisement will
not come to them of sources of which they
or they will not be seized while they are
engrossed in making their schemes successful
or they will not be consumed slowly? (6/65,
They cannot resist Allah’s plans. It
is only Allah’s law of Mukaf’at
which has given them respite so that they
might make amends. Most certainly it is your
Rabb who is Clement and Raheem.
realise how powerful Allah’s laws
are, they should see how they work in the
outer universe or even look at things of
daily life, for instance, how the shadows of
everything turn about right and left in
absolute submission to Allah in the
humblest manner. In fact, everything in the
universe whether animate or forces of nature
submit to His laws without false pride. They
know fully well how strong is the grip of
these laws which are imposed on them. They,
therefore, obey them submissively.
(The same Allah whose absolute law is
in operation in the entire universe with
perfect order and discipline) says (to
mankind) that they should too enforce only
His law in their affairs - they should not
accept two authorities; Allah in the
outer universe and some other man-made laws
in their own world (or two laws side by side
- one man-made and the other that of
Allah). (This is the example of two gods
in this world.)
Everything in the universe is busy in the
accomplishment of His plan. Human beings
should, therefore, also obey His laws
ceaselessly. Ask them if in the face of so
much clear evidence they would still believe
in laws other than that of Allah.
Have you ever reflected on this that all
means of sustenance as well as the capacity
to acquire them have been created and
endowed by Allah, and this is why
when any trouble befalls you, you turn to
Allah for help. A logical corollary to
this is that all means of nurture should be
utilize according to Allah’s
But what actually happens is that when the
trouble is over, some of you set up peers to
their Rabb (and do not utilise the
sources according to His directives 41/10),
in order to keep hidden what We had granted
them. For a while you may take advantage but
ultimately you will know the consequences of
following such a course.
They (the Mushrikeen) however, for
their satisfaction, ascribe a portion of the
provisions to those (whom they set up peers
to Allah) who have no knowledge about
it. By Allah, you all will, most
certainly be asked about the authority for
your false beliefs.
regard their goddesses as daughters of
Allah. How abominable is this belief!
Allah is far above it. And for
themselves they would like to have sons.
When the news of the birth of a daughter is
conveyed to one of them, his face darkens
and he chokes inwardly. He hides himself
from his people due to shame because of this
ill-tidings. He begins to think whether he
should keep it as a symbol of disgrace or
bury it in the earth (42/49, 43/17, 81/8).
O how vile is
their line of thought!
Those who do not believe in the next world,
their life is a living example of
wretchedness but the life of those who live
in accordance with the directives of
Allah is an example of loftiness. Indeed
Allah is Mighty and Wise (30/27).
(61) If Allah
had seized human beings for their
wrong-doings instantaneously, there would
not have remained any living being on the
face of the earth (35/45) but that is not
His way. He gives them respite for an
appropriate term and when that term comes to
an end they will not be able to delay or
advance it by a moment (7/34, 10/49).
attribute to Allah what they loathe
themselves and they utter incessantly that
all good things are for them in this life as
well in the hereafter (41/50). But this is a
lie. They are the ones who lag behind in the
struggle of evolution and Jahannam
waits for them (56/10, 83/26).
(63) Verily We
sent Rusul to people gone before you
O Rasool but Shait’an
made their wrong deeds seem fair to them.
Similarly, he will be the friend of your
opponents for whom there will be a severe
And We have sent this Book to you O
Rasool so that you may clearly state the
matters in which they differ and that it may
be a means of guidance and Rahmat for
those who believe in it.
A similar procedure of Allah operates
in the outer universe. He sends water from
above whereby He revives the earth after it
has been dead. In it there is meaning for
those who pay heed.
Even cattle can offer you food for
reflection from what is within their
bellies, between excretions and blood, We
give you to drink pure milk - a pleasant
beverage for those who drink it (23/28).
Likewise, from the fruits of the date-palm
and the vine, you produce intoxicating drink
and healthful nutrients. In this too there
is message for those who try to understand.
(68-69) And just
look at the bee which instinctively makes
its dwelling in the mountains and in the
trees and in what human beings build. Then
it collects pollen from various fruits and
flowers and pursues assiduously the ways
prescribed for it by Allah. From its
belly comes a fluid of diverse hues (i.e.
honey) which has health-giving properties.
In this system followed by the bee their is
message for those who think.
Allah has created you and takes you
to mature age where human faculties are
fully developed. Thereafter some of you
reach old age which is a feeble age when
memory of things once known does not help
you to recollect them. Allah has
knowingly devised measures for all things
Different individuals possess different
capacities for work. Every programme or
project requires the co-operation of all for
its accomplishment (43/32). The Divine
Niz’am-e-Rabubiyyat requires that
the produce should be distributed amongst
all according to their needs. Those who
possess greater capability (or power)
generally do not adhere to this Niz’am
thinking that according to this arrangement
all will be equal and they, therefore, take
more than the others (30/28). They thus,
assert that the means of production and the
capacity to earn are not endowed by Allah
(16/53, 24/33, 28/78, 39/49).
(72-73) If they
would reflect upon the system which they
follow in their home-life they would realise
that the universal Niz’am-e-Rabubiyyat
is an extension of the same system. A family
consists of husband, wife, sons and
grandsons and some workers. Just reflect on
how provision is distributed amongst them.
Assuredly it is according to their needs and
not according to the capacity to earn. If
you do not adhere to this System in the
society this would mean that you follow an
unjust system and discredit or conceal the
bounties of Allah and do not use them
properly. You obey the orders of those who
have no authority to provide you any
sustenance what-so-ever, anywhere from
heavens and earth. And they do not possess
any power to do so (29/66-67).
(In order to justify your wrong system) do
not give wrong similitude about Allah
(based upon ignorance), for Allah
knows that reality and you do not.
(75) The most
appropriate example is given by Allah;
there is a slave possessed by his master
having no control over anything and a free
man whom Allah has given the best of
provisions which he gives out to others both
secretly and openly according to his
discretion. Are the two to be held equal?
The course adopted by such a free man is
worthy of Allah’s Hamd but
those who look at things superficially do
not understand this.
strikes another comparison between two men.
One is dumb (or dull-witted) unable to do
anything of his own accord and is thus a
burden on his master and whenever sent on
any errand does not bring any good news. The
other has the capability to decide the
matters justly and according to his own
choice, follows the straight path. Could the
two be held equal?
O Rasool, you continue explaining
these realities to these people. If they do
not accept them despite your efforts, do not
worry as to when the promised and will come.
Allah knows when it will come. That
hour will be but the twinkling of an eye or
even less. Allah has devised measures
for all things (20/15, 53/31).
To appreciate how Allah’s plans reach
their fulfilment gradually, look upon your
own life. At the time of your birth you know
nothing. Allah provides you with the
capacity to hear, to see and to judge. It is
through these faculties that your efforts
bring forth fruit.
Similarly you look at the outer world and
see how birds fly in the air securely. What
can sustain them in the atmosphere other
than the laws of Allah? In this, too,
there are signs for those who believe in
(80) Look at the
bounties of Allah provided for your
physical life. He has caused dwellings to be
built for your rest and tents to be built
with the skins of cattle which are light
enough to carry on your journeys and may be
pitched whenever you halt. He has provided
you with their wool, fur and hair to make
garments, and other means of comfort to
utilise for a while.
(81) From what
Allah has created He has provided shade
for you, made places of shelter in the
mountains, clothes to protect you from heat,
equipment like coat of arms to afford
protection in war. This is how He completes
His bounties according to His measures so
that you may utilise them in accordance with
His directives (16/53, 71).
(82) O Rasool,
if notwithstanding all such clear
directives, they still turn away, you should
not feel aggrieved; your responsibility is
only to communicate to them Our revelation
They are fully aware that all these bounties
have been bestowed by Allah,
non-the-less they refuse to acknowledge them
and most of them disregard His laws while
The present state of affairs will not
continue indefinitely. A change is sure to
come. People will not come from outside to
bring it about but some from amongst them
will bear witness to the truth of the Divine
system. Those who oppose it will not be
permitted to offer excuses nor shall they
have opportunity to make amends. Their
chastisement will not be made lighter nor
shall they be granted any respite.
(86) On that Day
those who set up peers to Allah will
come face to face with these peers. They
will say: “O our Rabb these are they
whom we had set up as peers to you.” The
peers will retort: “Surely you are liars.”
(87) On that day
these unbelievers will offer submission to
Allah. All that they had fabricated
will be of no avail to them.
(88) They had
discredited Allah’s laws and also
turned others away from His way. Their
chastisement will be intensified because
they used to create Fas’ad.
On that day, We will call from among every
people witnesses to testify against them,
and you, O Rasool as a witness
against all of them (2/143, 4/41). Your
evidence shall be that you had conveyed to
them Our message which is contained in this
Book revealed to you which clarifies
everything and is a source of guidance,
Rahmat and glad tidings to those who
submit to it.
(90-91) The basic
commandments in this Book are:
Do justice to all;
Make good the
deficiencies of others beginning with those
nearest to you whether relatives or others;
everything for your own self;
Avoid that which
is not recognised by the Quran to be
Do not transgress
the limits prescribed by Allah;
covenant after having confirmed them and
particularly when you have made Allah
a surety with you (9/111) and
Do not break oaths
when you have cited Allah as a surety
for them (17/34, 25/16).
directives have been given by Allah
Who is aware of everything you do.
Do not be like a woman who undoes her yarn
after she has spun it with great labour. You
make your pledges a means of deceiving
others so that you may supersede them in
wealth and power (57/20). Mark! the position
of a nation does not remain static: changes
take place occasionally. On the day of
Reckoning that wherein you were at variance,
will be made clear to you (102/1-2).
(93) As stated
earlier, if it had been Allah’s plan,
He would have made all of you as one people.
He, however, endowed human beings with free
will to choose the right or the wrong path.
This makes you responsible for all your
doings and you will be questioned about them
Do not make oaths to deceive others so that
your foot may not slip after it has been set
firmly, and you are required to pay for
having turned others away from the path of
Allah - and your chastisement will be
(95-97) Do not
barter the covenant made with Allah
for a petty gain (9/111), for the reward
given by Allah will be far better
than what you secure by breaking the
covenant; if only you could appreciate this.
All what you secure in this way will pass
away and what is given by Allah will
abide (8/53, 13/10, 38/54). This is how
Allah will recompense those who endure
the trials of life steadfastly. He surely
gives the best of rewards worthy of the best
deeds you have done. Our law of Mukaf’at
is that whoever - man or woman - believes in
Allah’s Laws and does good deeds will
certainly live the most pleasant and good
life as a reward for his actions.
O Rasool when you embark on your
programme for the establishment of the
Quranic order, be very careful of your
opponents and procure every means of
protection against their schemes (17/64-65).
satanic forces can have no power over those
who believe in the laws of Allah and
put their trust in Him. They overpower only
those who seek their friendship and those
who set up peers to Allah (2/85,
2/256-57, 13/37, 47/26).
(101-102) One of
the objections raised by the Ahl-ul-Kit’ab
is that if the Quran was from
Allah why did it contain injunctions
which were contrary to those in the earlier
scriptures. The reason for this has been
adequately explained in (2/106). Still they
say that you are a manipulator of words. The
difficulty is that most of them do not try
to understand. Tell them that Gabriel has
brought the revelation based upon truth from
your Rabb and this is meant to
strengthen the hearts of those who believe,
giving guidance and glad tidings to those
who submit to the laws of Allah
(103) They say: “Quran
is not a true revelation. Some human being
comes and teaches him and he presents it as
revelation from Allah.” While
levelling such a baseless accusation they do
not reflect upon the simple point that the
language of the person at whom they hint is
non-Arabic, while the Quran is in
clear Arabic language.
As for those, who have decided not to
believe in the truth of the revelation (in
any case) cannot get the right guidance: for
them awaits grievous chastisement.
It is only they, who will not believe in
Allah’s message (but have no courage to
confess it openly, and in order to belie the
others) invent such falsehood and it is in
fact they who are lying (16/103).
(106-109) This is
about those who do not believe in the truth
of the revelation at all. This does not
apply to a true believer who is compelled to
perform any act of Kufr while he is
steadfast in his Ei’man. But
anyone who accepts Kufr
wholeheartedly will receive a very severe
chastisement and will be deprived of the
blessings of Allah. This is because
he has preferred the life of this world to
the hereafter. Such are the unbelievers who
do not follow the right path. These are the
people who loose the capacity to see, to
hear and to think (4/55). They are heedless
even of their own interest. They may acquire
some advantages in this life but shall have
to suffer in the hereafter.
Those who remain steadfast in their Ei’man
confront various trials, suffer persecution,
are forced to leave their homes, strive in
the cause of Allah and endure all
tribulations with perseverance - for them
there is protection from their Rabb
and His Rahmat.
individual has been endowed with a Nafs
which takes a decision. The Nafs has
various aspects. If it is influenced by the
aspect which represents Satanic forces, it
takes the wrong decision to which the aspect
which represents higher values takes
objection. Thus a struggle ensues between
the two aspects of the Nafs. On the
Day of Judgement everything will become
clear. Each aspect of the Nafs will
present its own case before Allah Who
will judge between them and recompense the
individual concerned according to his deeds.
None shall be dealt with unfairly (12/53,
To illustrate what happens when a wrong
decision is taken, Allah sets forth
the example of a city which enjoyed perfect
peace and security and means of sustenance
were coming to it in abundance from every
quarter. Instead of utilizing these means
according to Allah’s directives, they
used them according to their self-made laws
with the result that fear and hunger
encompassed them (6/44, 20/124, 21/11- 15).
A Rasool came to them from amongst
themselves. They treated him as a liar so
chastisement overtook them because they were
O mankind learn from this example and
utilize the means of sustenance given to you
by Allah according to His directives.
This would amount to paying thanks for
Allah’s bounties. However, this would be
possible only if you obey Allah’s
Laws strictly (2/21-22, 16/53, 71-72).
Allah has declared the following
things as Har’am
The flesh of
that which has
been dedicated to someone other than
one is faced with a situation when he can
find nothing else to eat except the above,
and his life is threatened then he can
partake of what has been declared to be
Har’am provided he is driven to
it by starvation and not out of greed or the
desire to violate Divine laws. In that case
he will find Allah a Protector and
these things have been declared by Allah
to be Har’am. Do not pronounce
things to be Har’am or Hal’al
irresponsibly for that would be foisting a
lie upon Allah. Those who do this
shall not prosper. Such people might acquire
some worldly gain but their chastisement
will be very severe.
(118) To the Jews
We had forbidden what We have already told
you earlier (6/147) We did no Zulm to
them but they wronged themselves.
restrictions were imposed on the Jews
because they persistently and intentionally
adopted the wrong course. Otherwise Allah’s
law of Mukaf’at is that a
person who commits a wrong in ignorance and
thereafter makes amends and comes back to
the right path, will find Allah a
Ghafoor and Raheem.
right course referred to in (16/114) was
adopted by Abraham. He was not just an
individual but a community in himself,
exclusively obedient to the laws of Allah
and did not set up peers to Him. This is why
Allah selected him for high office,
guided him to the straight path and bestowed
on him everything that was good in this
life, and in the life hereafter he would be
ranked among the S’aliheen.
This is why, O Rasool, We have asked
you to follow the course adopted by Abraham
who was not from amongst the Mushrikeen
The Jews claim to be followers of Abraham
but have, in fact, created many difference
amongst the themselves. For instance,
Sabbath was ordained to promote a sense of
self-discipline among them but they wrangled
over it. Allah will decide between
them on the Day of Judgement in regard to
that wherein they differed (2/65, 4/47,
(125) O Rasool
do not entangle yourself with them. You
continue your programme of inviting people
to the way of Allah with wisdom and
kindly exhortation and discuss matters with
them in the best possible manner. Allah
knows best who is following the right path
and who has gone astray (12/108).
(126) If they do
you any harm and it becomes inevitable to
take revenge then do so to the extent to
which you have been harmed. But if you can
endure the wrong with forbearance, it will
produce better results at the end.
(127-128) In short, adhere to your
programme steadfastly. This will be possible
only through the help which you receive from
Allah. Do not grieve about the
unbelievers and do not worry about their
schemes. Surely, Allah is with those
who are Muttaqeen and Mohsineen.