Home

Kitab-ul-Taqdeer (Book of Destiny)
by G. A. Parwez
translated by Khalid M. Sayyed

Appendix 

GLOSSARY OF QURANIC TERMS

It is important to glance comparatively at some useful Quranic terms and expression used in this book. Their interpretation by Perwez, apparently digressing from the traditional, is based upon two principles: 

  1. The language employed by the Quran should be looked at from its perspective of the time of the appearance of the Book (5th / 6th century AD);

  2. The Quran reinforces and clarifies the terms and expressions used by it through ‘repetition of verses’, i.e., using antonyms, synonyms, explanation, and repetition, etc.

Parwez’s approach is no where more elaborately illustrated than in his monumental Lughaat-al-Quran (Language of the Quran). 

TERM

TRADITIONAL

PERWEZ

Deen

Religion (the principles, the rituals, etc.) based upon the Book, the Traditions of Mohammed, various schools of thought

The way of life (principles) suggested for mankind in the Quran.

Mazhab

Religion

Any way (or philosophy) of life.

Sala

The five obligatory daily prayers

The entire system of following Allah’s way (including the ritual prayers)

Zaka

The 2.5 % tax paid to the poor from one’s annual holdings.

The entire system of the state managing its finance.

Izza

Social status and respect

Power and control

Zilla

Degradation

Weakness and vulnerability

Taqdeer

Pre-decided destiny

Universal laws of Nature

Aakhera

Life after death

Future as well as the Hereafter

Iman

Faith, belief

Satisfied conviction

Momin

A pious Muslim

A deeply convinced Muslim

Janna

Paradise in heaven

Paradise as well as a paradisical society on Earth (Here)

Jahannum

Hell

Hell in the Hereafter as well as hellish life on Earth (Here)

Aadam

Adam, the first man

Mankind

Shaitaan / Iblees

The Devil

Human sentiments of rebellion and emotions of depression

Malaaeka

Angels

Forces of Nature

Qible

Kaaba, the sacred House of Allah in Mecca

The physical (and spiritual) center of the Muslim nation